US Airborne Division 43-44

The United States Airborne Division, 1943 to 1944

Divisional Troops
  • Divisional Headquarters
  • Headquarters Company
  • Military Police Platoon
  • Airborne Signal Company
  • Two Glider Infantry Regiments, each comprised of;
  • Parachute Infantry Regiment, comprised of;
  • Divisional Artillery
    • Headquarters and Headquarters Battery
    • Two Glider Field Artillery Battalions – each with twelve air-portable 75-mm pack howitzers, divided into two Batteries with six guns per Battery.
    • Parachute Field Artillery Battalion – with twelve air portable 75-mm pack howitzers, divided into three Batteries of four guns each. Additionally, a combined Anti-aircraft/Antitank Battery, with two Platoons each of four .50-cal M2 heavy machine guns and two Platoons each of two 37-mm antitank guns.
    • Airborne Anti-aircraft Battalion – with three Automatic Weapons Batteries and three Machine Gun Batteries. Each Automatic Weapons Battery with eight 37-mm antitank or eight 40-mm anti-aircraft guns, divided into two Platoons of four guns each. Each Machine Gun Battery with twelve .50-cal M2 heavy machine guns, divided into three Platoons of four guns each.
  • Divisional Engineers
    • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
    • Two Glider Engineer Companies
    • Parachute Engineer Company
  • Supply
    • Quartermaster Company
  • Repair
    • Ordnance Company
    • Quartermaster Parachute Maintenance Company (from August 1944)
  • Medical
    • Medical Company
Points of note

Amendments to the above described official structure were legion.

A key alteration concerned the ratio of Glider Infantry to Parachute Infantry Regiments, which was in theory two Glider to one Parachute. 82nd Airborne Division operated with two Parachute and one Glider Regiments in the Mediterranean, while in Normandy both the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions had three Parachute and one Glider Regiments under command.

A second Parachute Field Artillery Battalion could also be added. Also, the 75-mm guns of one of the Glider Field Artillery Battalions could be replaced by 105-mm weapons.